Special schools are those that provide an education specifically for children with special educational needs or disabilities.
The school level data shows that in January 2021, there were 352 schools with Special Educational Needs (SEN) units and 1,066 schools with a resourced provision (up from 1,028) in England. With improvements in efficiency of diagnosis for conditions like ADHD and Autism schools are simultaneously ensuring they can tailor and personalise the schooling environment to best benefit everyone.
From 2015, the School Action and School Action Plus categories have combined to form one category of SEN support. Extra or different help is given from that provided as part of the school’s usual curriculum. The class teacher and special educational needs coordinator (SENCO) may receive advice or support from outside specialists. The pupil does not have an Education, Health and Care plan.
A pupil has an EHC plan when a formal assessment has been made. A document is in place that sets out the child’s need and the extra help they should receive. Prior to September 2014, a statement of SEN was used. Following the introduction of EHC plans in September 2014, statements of SEN and EHC plans were grouped together within the data. The transfer of statements of SEN to EHC plans was due to be completed in March 2018, and by December 2018, there were less than 100 statements of SEN nationally.
The most common type of need among pupils with an EHC plan is Autistic spectrum disorder, with 92,600 pupils (30% of pupils with an EHC plan).
The most common type of need among pupils with SEN support are Speech, Language and Communication needs, with 245,200 pupils. This is followed by Moderate Learning Difficulty (203,400 pupils) and Social, Emotional and Mental Health needs (195,300 pupils).
Children under 5
SEN support for children under 5 includes:
Talk to the teacher or the SEN co-ordinator (SENCO) if you think your child needs:
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